6 March 2024

ChatGPT-like AI in India: A Rocky Start with Krutrim and MeitY’s Directive

ChatGPT-like AI

ChatGPT-like AI: The dream for many countries, but a bumpy road for India. India  has set its sights on becoming a major player in the realm of Artificial Intelligence (AI), particularly in the field of chatbots. Krutrim was the country’s first major attempt at creating a powerful chatbot, similar to popular tools like ChatGPT.

What is Krutrim?

Krutrim is an AI language model designed to hold conversations and generate human-like text. Think of it as a virtual assistant you can chat with, ask questions, or even have a casual conversation. Here are some potential applications of Krutrim:

  • Customer Service: Krutrim could be used by companies to provide 24/7 customer support, answering basic questions and directing users to the right resources.
  • Education: Imagine a chatbot tutor that can answer students’ questions, explain concepts, and even personalize learning experiences.
  • Entertainment: Krutrim could be a fun companion for casual conversation, helping you pass the time or brainstorm ideas

Who Made Krutrim?

ChatGPT-like AI

Bhavish Aggarwal, the founder of Ola, has officially launched India’s first AI chatbot named “Krutrim AI”. Here are some key details about the launch:

Launch Details:

  • Date: March 8, 2024
  • Platform: Public beta
  • Availability: Initially available in English, Hindi, Tamil, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada, Gujarati, and Hinglish.

Krutrim AI’s Capabilities:

  • Multilingual: The chatbot can understand and respond in multiple Indian languages.
  • Conversational: It can engage in natural conversations with users.
  • Tasks: It can perform a variety of tasks, such as answering questions, providing information, and completing requests.

Krutrim AI’s Potential Applications:

  • Customer Service: It can be used to provide 24/7 customer support for businesses.
  • Education: It can be used as a teaching assistant or tutor for students.
  • Entertainment: It can be used as a virtual companion for users.

Krutrim AI’s Significance:

  • First of its Kind: It is the first AI chatbot developed in India.
  • Milestone in AI Development: It marks a significant milestone in the development of AI in India.
  • Potential Impact: It has the potential to revolutionize the way people interact with technology in India.

Challenges and Future:

  • Early Stage: Krutrim AI is still in its early stages of development.
  • Room for Improvement: There is room for improvement in terms of its capabilities and performance.
  • Future Enhancements: The developers are working on enhancing its capabilities and making it more user-friendly.

Overall, the launch of Krutrim AI is a significant step forward for India’s AI development. It has the potential to transform the way people interact with technology and revolutionize various industries. With continued development and enhancements, Krutrim AI can become a powerful tool for businesses, students, and individuals alike.

Did MeitY Actually Stop Krutrim?


Contrary to what some might believe, the Indian government’s Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) did not directly stop Krutrim. Here’s why:

  • Krutrim’s Performance: The main reason for concerns surrounding Krutrim lies in its capabilities. Users found it lacking compared to expectations, suggesting it may not have been fully developed.
  • MeitY’s Directive: The new MeitY rule focuses on giving the government more control over large AI platforms, not specifically targeting Krutrim.

However, the timing of the directive adds another layer of complexity:

  • Startup Concerns: The tech industry fears MeitY’s rules might be too strict, making it harder for young AI startups, like Krutrim’s creators, to navigate regulations and get their products off the ground.

The takeaway: While MeitY didn’t directly stop Krutrim, the new directive has some worried that it could create hurdles for future chatbot development in India, especially for young startups.

Why is India Struggling to Build a ChatGPT-like AI ? 

ChatGPT-like AI

Beyond Krutrim: Challenges in Building a Strong AI Foundation

Here’s a deeper look at the hurdles India faces in developing advanced AI like ChatGPT:

  • Limited Funding: Compared to some leading countries in AI, India might have less money available for R&D. This makes it difficult for Indian scientists and engineers to access the latest technology and hire top talent.
  • Data Dilemma: Training powerful AI models requires massive amounts of high-quality data. Accessing this kind of data can be a challenge in India, hindering the development process.

The MeitY Directive: A Helping Hand or a Hurdle?

Just as concerns about Krutrim were rising, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) introduced a new rule. This rule gives the government more control over large AI platforms. While the rule doesn’t target Krutrim specifically, the tech industry fears it could create problems:

  • Startup Struggles: Strict regulations might discourage young AI companies from starting up. This could slow down the development of future chatbots in India.

The Road Ahead: Will India Soar or Stall in Chatbot Development?

Despite the recent hiccups with Krutrim and the new government regulations, India has the potential to become a major player in the world of chatbots. Here’s what’s needed to get there:

  • Investing in the Future: India needs to put more money towards research and development (R&D) in AI. This will allow Indian scientists and engineers to learn from the best minds around the globe and develop cutting-edge chatbot technology.
  • Giving Startups a Boost: The government can play a vital role in supporting young companies working on chatbots. This could involve making it easier for them to access the data and resources they need to succeed. Imagine a library specifically for chatbot development!
  • Finding the Right Balance: Any new rules on chatbots need to be carefully crafted. They should promote the responsible development of safe and trustworthy chatbots, but not make it so difficult for new businesses to get started that innovation grinds to a halt. Striking this balance is key.

The future of chatbots in India remains uncertain. Will Krutrim and the new government rules act as roadblocks, slowing down progress? Or will they be stepping stones that help India take flight in the world of AI chatbots? Only time will tell. But one thing is clear: India’s exciting journey in the world of AI chatbots has just begun.

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